Peer observations using standardized guidelines can yield systematic and comparable data, especially when used by trained observers. These can be most useful when they include a review of the course syllabus and materials and discussion of class objectives with the instructor beforehand.
Evaluation of course materials. Reviews of syllabi, assignments, exams, papers, and so on, capitalize on the expertise of faculty peers and can be done anonymously. Peer review can include online materials, modules, and courses using criteria similar to those for in-class instruction.
Evaluation of other contributions. Colleagues are generally positioned to make judgments about contributions to curriculum development, supervision of student research, mentoring of other instructors, creation of instructional materials, and published research on teaching.